11 Strategies for Handling Conflict
Anytime you are making ground and moving toward success, there will inevitably be the opportunity for conflict. That is just a fact of life. You put two people or more in a group and there is potential for conflict—and conflict, improperly handled, can destroy your ability to continue on and achieve your goals.
This is true in many areas of life, from the boardroom to the classroom. When conflict goes bad, success doesn’t happen. The good news is that conflict can be healthy, and it can actually move you closer to success. Success is built on relationships and relationships offer the chance for conflict. To get to success, you must master conflict.
When you are the one who is confronting the problem with someone else, employ these strategies.
Don’t assume the worst. Don’t assume they meant what you think they meant. Don’t assume they know better. Don’t assume they did it on purpose. The fact is that most of the time our assumptions are incorrect and all our assumptions do is cause us to dig out of a deeper hole.
Because you can’t assume anything, you must begin your confrontation by finding out the facts as that person sees them. Here are some questions to ask:
- What was your intention in saying or doing that?
- What were the thoughts behind those words or actions?
- Are you aware of how that might have been perceived?
Tell them how you perceive things or how you feel, rather than what they did.
It’s never good to start with telling someone, “You did this!” Instead, say something like, “I feel like your action may have been better if you would have…” or, “I think the way that came across may have been….”
Deal with one issue at a time.
If they battle back a bit, you may be tempted to say, “Well, that isn’t all. As a matter of fact, a number of us think you also need to work on….” If there is another issue, deal with it at a separate time. Too many conflicts go around and around and don’t end up solving the original issue. Stick to one point and see it through to resolution.
When someone is confronting you, try these tips.
Don’t take it personally.
Worst-case scenario, you blew it. But that doesn’t make you a bad person. So don’t act like they have accused your character (unless they have, in which case, you should try to get the conversation back to the facts). When we take things personally, we become even more protective and tend to become defensive and in the end, escalate the conflict even more.
This gets back to dealing with one issue at a time. Don’t try to justify or hide from the conflict the person has with you by showcasing their problems. If they have a problem, fine; talk about it later. Don’t muddy the waters with a debate about who is better or, as the case may be, less guilty. As hard as it may be, let the conversation run its course until it’s solved.
Ask for some time for objective reflection.
One way to stop conflict from escalating is simply to ask for time to consider it. Often, when people confront us, we had no idea it was coming. Our natural tendency is to fight out of reaction. If we stop and think about it
, we can be objective and approach the situation objectively, or at least more so.
Set a time to get back with them and discuss the issue.
Let the person know you take their concern seriously and that you want to deal with it in a timely manner. Set a time, no more than three days away, to get back together. You will keep from reacting, and they may even find that they had confronted too soon.
Below are some best practices for when either person started the conflict.
Keep your eye on the big picture.
Is this the hill you want to die on? Determine how important this issue really is. Most things simply aren’t worth getting upset about, or so upset that the relationship breaks down. Is a productive business relationship worth sacrificing over the fact that your partner wears too much cologne or their spouse talks loudly at parties? Of course not, but some people go to war over those things.
Always respect the other person as a person.
No matter what they have done, they are a person of value and deserve to be treated that way. They are not the sum of their mistakes. They have hopes and dreams, fears and worries, strengths and weaknesses. Take some time to picture them outside the office, playing with their kids or doing something fun. This will personalize your issue and keep you from going overboard.
Whatever you do, don’t focus on the problem. Ask yourself and the other person to approach the issue with the idea that you are both working for a solution that will be mutually beneficial. Rather than ask, “Why in the world did you do that? What were you thinking?” Ask, “OK, what’s done is done; what can we do to fix this?” That is much more productive. The goal is to get things going again, not continually punish the other person.
Conflict doesn’t have to end up in a bad way. In fact, it can cause you to develop a deeper and more trusting relationship with the person you have had a conflict with. So the next time you have to confront, or you’re being confronted, try the tips outlined above to handle the conflict in a more productive and positive way.
This article was published in July 2009 and has been updated.
Photo by fizkes/Shutterstock
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