5 Ways Leaders Can Build Team Spirit
Team Spirit is defined on Coach Wooden’s Pyramid of Success as “A genuine consideration for others. An eagerness to sacrifice personal interests of glory for the welfare of all.”
Coach Wooden described team spirit this way: “The third block in the center of this structure is listed as Team Spirit, but this is no more than consideration for others. We must have consideration for others if we are going to develop our own capabilities, and we must work together for the welfare of all. In group work, it is amazing how much can be accomplished if no one worries about who will get the credit.”
Related: The Road Map to Great Teamwork
Each season, Coach shared with his players a handout entitled “Team Spirit,” which he felt captured the essence of the trait:
We want no “man” players, no “stars”…. No chain is stronger than its weakest link; no team is stronger than its weakest player. One player attempting to “grandstand” can wreck the best team ever organized. We must be “one for all and all for one” with every boy giving his very best every second of the game. The team is first, individual credit is second. There is no place for selfishness, egotism or envy on our squad.
Building team spirit is the responsibility of a leader. It is the ability to get everybody in a group eager, not simply willing, to put “we” ahead of “me.”
Team spirit is not always an automatic trait. Here are some suggestions, based on Coach Wooden’s philosophy, for developing it.
1. “Be a humble leader.”
The group must know that they work with you, not for you. If something good happens as a result of a suggestion you received, give credit to the person who made the suggestion. If something bad happens as a result of a suggestion that you received, take the blame. As Coach liked to say, “The star of the team is the team.”
2. “Have some rules or suggestions regarding how team members communicate with each other.”
One of Coach Wooden’s three rules for practice was, “Never criticize a teammate.” In the workplace, try using Napoleon Hill’s advice: “If you have something to say to somebody or about somebody, think if it will help them or hurt them. If it will help them say it; if it will hurt them, don’t.” Create a culture where negative criticism and gossip are not accepted.
3. “Praise publicly and criticize privately.”
When you praise, give praise to those who are seldom acknowledged. Coach Wooden did this when he spoke to the media about his team. In the workplace, for example, praise your “backbone team” (clerical staff) or “first contact team” (receptionists). Coach used the analogy of a racecar and pointed out that a bolt that keeps a wheel on the car is just as important as the powerful engine that runs it. Everybody should know why their job is important and feel that their effort is appreciated.
4. “Let team members know that their personal goals only have a chance of being accomplished if the team accomplishes its goals.”
You can’t get a pay raise if the company goes out of business.
5. “Share with your team the joy and importance of giving.”
Coach Wooden described it this way: “Winning teams are characterized by unselfish team play. I believe that teaching our players to look for the pass first, and the shot second, helps build team spirit. I try to build this concept off the court, too.” Coach Wooden often encouraged his players by reminding them that “You cannot live a perfect day without doing something for someone without the thought of repayment.”
Coach also liked to quote a passage he’d once read: “There’s a mystical law of nature that the three things that mankind craves most—freedom, happiness and peace of mind—cannot be attained without giving them to someone else.” Team spirit results when the leader inspires those same traits within his or her team, and in so doing, unites all of the members to work toward their shared goal.
“I try to emphasize to my players that you must give to receive,” Coach wrote. “This is something that holds true in basketball and in life.”